The German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel Mix

Categorized as German Shepherd Types and Mixes
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Have you ever wondered what it would be like to mix two popular dog breeds like the German Shepherd and the Cocker Spaniel? While this hybrid is quite rare, the German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mix offers some intriguing qualities that make it an exceptional companion for the right owner.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore everything you need to know about this unique crossbreed – from its origin and characteristics to care requirements and temperament. Read on to find out if the Shepherd Spaniel could be the perfect pet for you!

Overview of the German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel Mix

Also known as a Cocker Shepherd or Cocker German Shepherd, this mixed breed is the offspring of a purebred German Shepherd and a purebred Cocker Spaniel. It likely originated in the 1980s or 1990s as designer dogs started gaining popularity, though accidental breedings may have occurred earlier.

These hybrids are not common at all since most breeders focus on purebred dogs. The vast differences in size and temperament between Shepherds and Spaniels also make them an unlikely pairing. But occasionally, these very different dogs do get crossed, whether intentionally or by accident.

So while German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mixes are hard to find, their unique blend of traits from two beloved breeds can make them rewarding companions. Keep reading to learn all about their appearance, personality, health issues, and care needs.

Physical Traits: Size, Coat, Coloring and More

Since the German Shepherd and Cocker Spaniel have such different builds and coat types, their offspring can vary quite a bit in looks. No two of these crossbreeds will be exactly the same. However, there are some general physical traits you can expect in a German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mix.


One of the biggest differences between Shepherds and Spaniels is their size. German Shepherds are large dogs, weighing 65-90 pounds and standing 22-26 inches tall. Cocker Spaniels are much smaller at 13.5-15.5 inches tall and 20-30 pounds.

A German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mix ends up somewhere in between, typically in the medium dog range. Their ideal height is around 20 inches and weight about 60 pounds as adults.

Of course, some puppies may favor the Cocker parent and stay on the smaller side. Others that take after the Shepherd may become quite large. Proper nutrition and exercise are vital for these crossbreeds to develop into healthy adults.


The coat of a German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mix can vary significantly depending on which parent they favor.

Cocker Spaniels are known for their long, silky, feathered fur that requires extensive grooming to keep free of mats and tangles. Their signature locks need daily brushing.

German Shepherds have a thick double coat better suited for cold weather and repelling dirt. Their outer guard hairs are medium in length and lie close to the body. German Shepherds shed heavily year-round and blow their coat twice annually.

A German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mix may inherit a coat that is:

  • Long and silky like a Cocker
  • Shorter and denser like a Shepherd
  • Somewhere in between with medium length fur
  • A combination of silky Cocker fur and a thick Shepherd undercoat

No matter what type of coat this crossbreed has, they will require regular brushing and grooming. Longer coats may also need occasional trimming. Shedding can range from minimal to heavy depending on which parent they take after.


When it comes to coat colors, there are many possibilities with a German Shepherd cross Cocker Spaniel.

The most common colors for German Shepherds are black and tan or all black. Cocker Spaniels come in a rainbow of colors like black, tan, brown, red, silver, buff, golden, cream, apricot and more. Parti varieties have white spotting.

So German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mixes can be:

  • Black and tan like a German Shepherd
  • Solid black
  • Brown
  • Cream
  • Golden
  • Red
  • Gray or silver
  • Multi-colored with markings from both lineages

Solid black, black and tan, brown, or cream are the most frequently seen color combinations. No matter what shade their fur is, these crossbreeds will need occasional bathing to keep their coats looking shiny and healthy.


One of the most distinguishing features between the two parent breeds is their ears. German Shepherds have triangular, erect ears that stand tall. Cocker Spaniels have long, floppy, hound-like ears that frame their face.

The German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mix usually winds up with one of three ear types:

  • Fully erect ears like a Shepherd
  • Long droopy ears like a Spaniel
  • Semi-erect ears that fold over slightly

Floppy Cocker ears on this crossbreed are quite cute but do require extra care. The heavy ear flaps can trap moisture leading to infections. Be sure to thoroughly dry their ears after baths and swimming. Check and clean ears weekly.

Temperament: Balancing Shepherd Protectiveness With Spaniel Sociability

When it comes to personality, the German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mix balances the protective nature of the Shepherd with the gentler temperament of the Spaniel. They make loyal companions that bond strongly with their families.

Loyal and Affectionate

Both parent breeds are known for forming close bonds with their owners, so it’s no surprise that Shepherd Spaniel mixes make devoted companions. They thrive on attention and spending time with their favorite people. Often velcro dogs, they’ll happily follow you from room to room just to be near you!

These crossbreeds shower their loved ones with affection and make excellent snuggle buddies. Their sweet, lovable personality makes them a joy to live with.

Playful Yet Calm Indoors

Thanks to the Cocker Spaniel influence, German Shepherd mixes tend to be more easygoing and mellow when relaxing inside compared to the higher energy Shepherd. But they still appreciate a good romp and play session outdoors or with toys.

As long as they get proper exercise, these hybrids are usually content to nap the day away while their owners are at work. Their moderate energy levels make them adaptable to a range of lifestyles and living situations.

Intelligent and Eager to Please

With the German Shepherd’s legendary smarts and trainability, this crossbreed is quick to catch on to new things. Their intelligence combined with the Cocker’s innate eagerness to please makes Shepherd Spaniel mixes a dream to train. They excel at obedience, agility, or other canine sports.

These dogs aim to make their owners happy. With positive reinforcement training methods, they respond beautifully to commands and prosper with the mental stimulation.

Protective but Wary of Strangers

The German Shepherd’s protective instincts come through in this hybrid. Shepherd Spaniels often act as watchdogs, letting their owners know of anything unusual. They can be initially wary of strangers but should never show aggression without cause.

With proper socialization from a young age, these crossbreeds learn to accept new people once they realize the person is friendly. Though protective of their loved ones, a well-trained Shepherd Spaniel mix is no threat.

Tolerant of Other Pets

Thanks to the friendly Cocker Spaniel temperament, German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mixes tend to be more easygoing with other dogs and pets compared to pure Shepherds. However, it’s still important to socialize them properly, especially when young.

When raised alongside other pets, these hybrids typically coexist harmoniously with fellow furry friends of all kinds and can make great family companions.

Exercise & Activity Levels: Moderate Energy

While German Shepherds need intense daily exercise, Cocker Spaniels are lower energy homebodies. The German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel falls somewhere in the middle with moderate exercise requirements.

These athletic crossbreeds enjoy at least 30-60 minutes of activity per day. Brisk walks, hiking, playing games like fetch and frisbee, or socializing at the dog park are great ways to meet their needs. They also appreciate having a fenced yard to run around in.

Mental stimulation through obedience training or puzzle toys will help keep these intelligent dogs occupied. Without sufficient exercise, German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mixes may develop problem behaviors like excessive barking or chewing.

Make sure to meet their daily activity quota, and your Shepherd Spaniel will be the perfect companion at home or on active adventures with you!

Training Tips for Your German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel Mix

Given their intelligence, eagerness to please, and desire for direction, German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mixes are usually a dream to train. Here are some top tips for successfully teaching your Shepherd Spaniel good manners:

  • Start young. Begin basic obedience training as soon as you bring your puppy home at 8-12 weeks old. This early socialization and training sets the foundation for a well-adjusted adult dog. Attend puppy kindergarten classes for essential skills.
  • Use positive reinforcement. This crossbreed responds best to reward-based training with treats, praise, and play. Avoid punishing or scolding, which can damage your bond. Clickers can mark and reinforce desired behaviors.
  • Stay patient and consistent. Set clear ground rules and stick to them. If your instructions are confusing or inconsistent, your dog may have trouble obeying. Patience during the puppy stage goes a long way.
  • Give them a job. These energetic, intelligent dogs thrive when given regular activities or “jobs” to fulfill. Advanced obedience work, agility courses, or other engaging tasks appeal to their natural abilities.
  • Avoid inadvertently rewarding bad habits. Pay attention so you don’t reinforce counterproductive actions. For instance, don’t pet an attention-seeking puppy that jumps up on you.

Follow these guidelines, and your clever Shepherd Spaniel will master commands with ease. Their bond with you makes training a fun, rewarding experience for both dog and owner.

Grooming Requirements Vary by Coat

Depending on whether your German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel leans more toward the Shepherd or Spaniel coat type, grooming requirements can vary significantly.

Those with a long, silky Spaniel-style coat need daily brushing to prevent tangles and mats. Occasional trimming may be desired as well. These coats tend to shed minimally.

Shorter, dense Shepherd-like coats shed more heavily year-round. They require weekly brushing to control loose hairs and keep the fur glossy. During seasonal shedding blowouts, more frequent brushing may be necessary.

No matter the coat length, all Shepherd Spaniel mixes need:

  • Monthly baths or when dirty to keep their skin and coat healthy
  • Nail trimming every 2-3 weeks to avoid overgrowth
  • Ear cleaning once a week for floppy ears prone to infections – dry thoroughly after baths!
  • Teeth brushing 2-3 times per week to prevent periodontal disease

Keeping up with grooming prevents painful matting and keeps your dog looking their best. Book professional grooming appointments every 6-8 weeks for heavier trimming when needed.

Feeding Your German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel Mix

Since this is a medium-sized crossbreed, you can expect to feed your German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel around 2-3 cups of quality dog food daily, divided into two meals.

The exact amount will depend on your dog’s age, build, and activity level. Monitor their weight and adjust food as needed to keep them fit and healthy.

These energetic hybrids thrive on high-protein dog foods formulated for medium to large breeds. Look for a recipe featuring meat as the first ingredient.

Dry kibble is the most convenient option, though you could also feed a wet or raw diet. Avoid filler-heavy or low-quality brands that can exacerbate health issues.

Along with a balanced commercial diet, these dogs benefit from joint supplements as they age to support mobility. Always provide fresh water. Discuss specific dietary needs with your veterinarian.

Health Issues To Watch For

Like all crossbreeds, the German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mix can inherit health conditions from one or both parent breeds. Here are some issues to look out for:

  • Joint dysplasia – Malformed hips or elbows caused by abnormal development. Can lead to arthritis. Have breeder screen parent dogs.
  • Bloat – Twisting of the stomach. Potentially fatal without urgent treatment. Feeding multiple smaller meals can help prevent it.
  • Allergies – Both parent breeds prone to skin allergies and ear infections. Keep ears clean.
  • Eye diseases – Inherited eye defects like cataracts, retinal atrophy, or glaucoma. Regular vet eye exams recommended.
  • Heart conditions – Subaortic stenosis and mitral valve disease possible. Routine vet checks to monitor heart health.

With proper care and early detection, many of these conditions can be well-managed. Adopt from a responsible breeder who tests their breeding stock.

How Long Do German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel Mixes Live?

Provided they are fed a nutritious diet and receive adequate exercise, regular vet care, and annual preventatives, German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mixes have a life expectancy of 10-14 years.

This is typical of most medium to large-sized dogs. Keeping your crossbreed lean and active also helps promote a longer, healthier life.

Finding a German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel Mix Puppy

Since the German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mix is an unusual cross between two very different pure breeds, finding puppies will take some effort. Here are a few options to try:

  • Check local shelters and rescues – Though rare, you may get lucky and find one in need of adoption. Avoid pet stores.
  • Vet crossbreeding facilities – Some veterinary reproduction centers purposefully crossbreed dogs like Shepherds and Spaniels.
  • Online classifieds – Sites like Craigslist sometimes have accidental mixed breed litters for sale but screen sellers carefully.
  • Breed-specific rescues – Touch base with Cocker Spaniel and German Shepherd rescues in case they receive crosses.

When searching for breeders, choose those who health test their breeding dogs and focus on temperament. Expect to be placed on a waitlist and pay $500-$800 for a Shepherd Spaniel mix pup.

Is a German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel Mix the Right Dog For You?

Before seeking out one of these uncommon hybrids, be sure you are prepared to handle their care requirements. The ideal owner for a German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mix is:

  • Active – Able to provide adequate daily exercise and outdoor adventures to prevent boredom and problem behaviors.
  • Experienced with training – Comfortable teaching basic manners and obedience to this bright, energetic hybrid.
  • Comfortable with grooming – Willing to commit to regular coat care like brushing, bathing, nail trims and ear cleaning.
  • Family-oriented – Loves bonding with and having an affectionate canine companion at home, especially with children.

If you want a loyal dog with character that will stick by your side, the German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel has tons of appeal! Just be ready to keep up with their grooming and activity needs.

Frequently Asked Questions About the German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel Mix

Looking to learn more about this uncommon crossbreed? Check out answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about the German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mix below:

Are German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mixes aggressive?

No, these hybrids have a pleasant, gentle temperament when properly socialized and handled. They can make great family pets. Though protective, they should never show unwarranted aggression.

What kind of home is best for a German Shepherd cross Cocker Spaniel?

These moderately energetic dogs need room to play safely. A house with a fenced yard is ideal, but they can adapt to apartments if given sufficient daily walks. The family should be active and enjoy training dogs.

How big do German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mixes get?

On average, these dogs grow to around 20 inches tall and weigh approximately 60 pounds, putting them in the medium-size range. Some may be smaller or larger depending on which parent they favor.

Are German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mixes good with kids?

Yes, when socialized properly, this crossbreed does great with children. They are playful yet patient, love attention from kids, and are not overly rambunctious. Always supervise young children and teach them how to interact appropriately.

Do German Shepherd cross Cocker Spaniels bark a lot?

Moderate barking is expected as these dogs have watchdog tendencies from the Shepherd side. However, they are not usually nuisance barkers. Ensure your dog gets sufficient exercise and stimulation daily to prevent boredom barking while home alone.

What health problems do Cocker Shepherd mixes have?

Joint issues, bloat, allergies, eye diseases, and heart conditions are possible. Buying from health-tested parents and maintaining vet checkups minimizes risk. Their average lifespan is 10-14 years.

How often should you walk a German Shepherd Cocker Spaniel mix?

Plan on providing a minimum of 30-60 minutes of vigorous walking or other daily exercise. Active owners who enjoy being outdoors make the best match! Having a yard for play also helps.

By Andrew Garf

Andrew Garf has loved dogs, especially German Shepherds, since he was 10 years old. Though he also loves burgers, training dogs is his real passion. That's why he created the website - to help dog owners learn how to properly train, care for, and bond with their German Shepherd dogs.