This post is a continuation from the earlier post entitled “How to House Train a German Shepherd Puppy“.
This post is divided into two parts, the first part talks about the fundamental behind dog obedience training, while the second part talks about the application of the fundamental.
- Part 1 – The Fundamental of Dog Obedience Training
- Part 2 – The Application
Part 1 – The Fundamental of Dog Obedience Training
The Best Companion
German Shepherds are an elite breed, known for their strength, intelligence, discipline, courage and obedient. And all of those traits make them invaluable candidates of K-9 Police Dog. Now, you might be asking, how difficult it is to train German Shepherd? It is not an easy task, but if you can tame German Shepherd’s strong-willed nature, then you will find the best companion that will always guard and protect you with his life.
What Can You Expect from Obedience Training?
- German Shepherd is a dog that born with strong-willed nature. On the other side of the coin, German Shepherd is a dog that born with several nuisance behaviors such as barking, chewing and jumping on people. Obedience training can help correct all of those nuisance behaviors.
- You will deepen a relationship with your dog.
- You will nurture great dog that will become an invaluable member of your family. He will watch, protect and guard all of your family’s members without expecting anything in return.
Now, you have learned all the benefits that you can get from obedience training, this bring us to the next question “when is the best time to start training your dog?”
The Best Time to Start Training
The first 16 – 20 weeks of your dog’s life is the most critical time to train him. In this period, his mind is exposed to anything that happens around him. Whether it is a good thing or bad thing, your dog will absorb everything that he sees, touch, smile and hear. As a result, what will your dog become after adult is decided at this time. During this period, you must introduce proper socialization and positive experience.
Let’s start our obedience training with learning how to socialize your puppy.
How to Socialize your Puppy
Giving your puppy proper socialization is one of the very first things you must do. Socialization is the act of exposing your puppy to the world. If done correctly, your puppy will grow up into confident, playful and outgoing adult dog. Done wrongly, your puppy will grow up into frightened, aggressive adult dog.
Here’s how to do proper socialization:
- Bring your puppy to meet friends or family outside.
- Invite friends or family to your house.
- Ask your friends to bring their dogs to your home. Make sure their dogs are a safe and friendly dog.
- Don’t let your puppy play with dogs that you don’t know.
- Bring your puppy to meet different new people, but make sure the people that you are about to meet love dog.
When you bring your puppy to socialize, it is important to recognize any negative hint from your puppy. A certain situation can give him bad experience. This bad experience at an early age can leave a negative impression in his mind for years to come. Here are some hints that you should be aware of:
- cowering or clinging
- lip licking
- tail tucking
- ears down and back
When you find any of those hints in a certain situation, you should bring your puppy away from that place until he is relaxed.
Now, after reading about proper socialization above, you might have arrived at this conclusion”every experience that your puppy gets must be a positive experience”.
That conclusion brings us to the next point:”positive reinforcement”.
The Fundamental of Reward
What is the correlation between positive reinforcement and dog obedience training? According to canine behavioral expert, positive reinforcement is the act of giving a reward to your puppy because of his good behavior. The rewarded behavior then most likely will be repeated again.
Every dog training methods that I know revolve around this concept. You should reward your dog when he/she does something pleasant. Then what kind of reward that you should give?
Tasty treats, compliments, hugs, and kisses are the kind of rewards that you should always ready to give.
If you are interested in cooking your own homemade German Shepherd treats, you can check out the following post. In this post you will find different homemade GSD treats recipes that your dog will love:
The Fundamental of Punishment
Punishment is the opposite of a reward. You need punishment as much as a reward to train your puppy. It is a way for us to communicate with our puppies that we don’t like their actions and we expect them to correct that behavior.
When your puppy does something that you don’t like, bring him to his isolation room and leave him there for two minutes. Isolation room is a quiet place where no one around, for example, your ex-kitchen, backyard or cellar.
Remember These Two Rules
There are only two rules that you need to remember when you train your dog. First, your dog must learn you are the alpha leader, and second, you must train your dog in a way that he will understand. These two rules must be reinforced over and over again throughout your dog’s life.
Part 2 – The Application
There are various training applications steaming from Dog Obedience training field. For example, you can train your dog to sit, to track, to jump, to guard, to bite and much more. In this part 2, we will talk about 4 different common dog problems and how to solve them: chewing, scratching, biting, and jumping.
At an early age until 7 months old, puppy chews a lot of items. Your puppy can chew your shoes, bags, table legs, clothes, and a lot more. To prevent that thing from happens, you need to introduce “No” command to your puppy.
Whenever you see your puppy chewing on something that you don’t want, come to your puppy and say “No” clearly, then give your puppy chew tow as a replacement. Give your puppy three chances, when he is failed after the third chance, bring him to his isolation room (the isolation room should be a safe place where no one around) for two minutes.
You must give a replacement for your puppy to chew, never try to stop your puppy from chewing altogether otherwise your puppy can get an early tooth loss and tooth inflammation when he grows up.
You need to repeat this training over and over again. After quite a while, your puppy will understand that he is not allowed to chew every item in your house.
Destructive Chewing Problems – ASPCA has a great article on how to deal with dog destructive chewing problems. I recommend you to read ASPCA’s article for more information.
Just like chewing, you must not stop your puppy from scratching altogether. Scratching is important to develop health claws and paws. Instead of letting your puppy scratching every item in your house, you can give him a dedicated scratch mat as a replacement.
There is a difference between nipping and biting. Nipping is a way to ask your attention, but biting can make you bleed. Nipping is only allowed at play time. Outside play time, you should not accept puppy nipping. When he tries to nip you outside play time, you should gently block his nip with your outside arm, then say “No” clearly.
Give him three chances, when he is failed at the third chance, bring him to his isolation room. Repeat the sequence over and over again until he understands.
Jumping is a common problem that many dog owners faced. If you find your puppy jumping annoying, you can limit it by introducing “No”, and “Sit” commands. You might want to check out these posts for more information:
When your puppy jumps to seek your attention, don’t greet him with the same level of excitement, just stand still, breath deeply and look away. When you are calm, your puppy will be calm too and no longer want to jump up.
Remember to reward good behaviors and punish bad behaviors. Keep calm and be patience when you train your puppy.